Boyer Info | Old Mines 2017 | The Story of Céladon |

THIS IS MY WORKING GENEALOGY BIOGRAPHIES, PLEASE DO NOT COPY AS FACT. Some photos are personal and should not be copied and republished; other images are okay. Documentation I collected as proof to support facts (i.e. dates, relationships, etc.) are available for your use. I share freely, but please do not abuse copyright or perpetuate any information without supporting facts that may or may not be in error. I try to mark in red my questions or documents I need to look for, so your assistance in making this a complete collection is always appreciated.

Sisters Eleonore and Rosine: Mary Eleonore Boyer and Richard Marshall | Rosine Elizabeth Boyer and George W. Rutledge, Sr.

(Richard Marshall additional pages: pardon papers and supreme court and my synopsis and Smith Jackson story)

Videos and Photos in Historic Ste. Genevieve

Eleonore and Rosine's parents: Jean Baptiste Boyer & Maria Aurore St. Germain | Charles Boyer & Marie Madeleine Maurice dit Chatillon | Nicolas Boyer III & Dorothee Olivier | Nicolas Boyer II & Louise Payet dit St. Amour | Nicolas Boyer I & Marguerite Maclin | Etienne Boyer & Perinna Peineau |

Joseph St. Germain and Marie Josephine Josette Calvet (Parents of Maria Aurore St. Germain)

Joseph Antoine Calvet and Marie Josephe Therese Marechal (Parents of Marie Josephine Josette Calvet) | Nicolas Marechal and Marie Jean Illeret (Parents of Marie Joseph Therese Marechal and Antoine Marechal, siblings) | line continues with Antoine below

Jean Baptiste Maurice dit Chatillon & Marie Jeanne Corset (parents of Marie Madeline Maurice dit Chatillon) |

Francois Corset Dit Coco and Elisabeth Bienvenu (parents of Marie Jeanne Corset) |

Jean Baptiste Olivier & Marie Marthe Accica (parents of Dorothee Olivier, wife of Nicolas III) |

Pierre Payet dit Saint Amour & Louise Tessier (parents of Louise Payet dit St. Amour, wife of Nicolas II) |

Nicolas Maclin & Suzanne Larose (parents of Marguerite Maclin, wife of Nicolas I) |

Richard Marshall's parents: Benoist Marechal and Mayotte | Antoine Marechal and Mary Catherine Tabeau | Nicolas Marechal and Marie Jean Illeret | Claude Illeret and Simone Marie Martin (Marie Jean Illeret's parents) |

Charles Boyer and Marie Madeleine Maurice dit Chatillon

My fifth great-grandparents are a special generation because I see them as a transitional generation during an important time in history. Charles was born in Kaskaskia, Illinois, and moved with his parents and siblings to be among the first families to settle in the old Ste. Genevieve, Missouri, across the Mississippi (before the river flooded and changed course making Kaskaskia some of the little bit of Illinois land on the Missouri side of the river), received a land grant in the new Ste. Genevieve, and thereafter settled in the newly formed Old Mines, Missouri, recieving the Spanish Concessions. Charles is considered a "pioneer family" of Washington County.

 

Charles Boyer was born in 1750 in Kaskaskia, now Randolph County, Illinois, to Nicholas Antoine Boyer, III and Dorothee Olivier. (No baptism record is known.)

The first source of Charles Boyer's year of birth is his interregation on December 21, 1773, regarding the Céladon affair (read about in this page) and the accusation that Céladon stole two Indian slave women and murdered one of them. His deposition begins with his statement that he is 23 years old. 1773 minus 23 is a birth year of 1750.

Source: The State Historical Society of Missouri, c3636 Missouri, Ste. Genevieve Archives 1756-1930, File 421

 

The second source of Charles's year of birth is the American State Papers, Vol 6, p. 732 (source: Library of Congress website), whereas Charles gives a deposition on April 29, 1833, that he is 83 years of age. This would put Charles' birth year at 1750. There are three interesting depositions regarding the Old Mines Concessions in the Papers.

Marie Madeleine Maurice dit Chatillon was born September 13, 1767, in Ste. Genevieve, Ste. Genevieve County, Missouri, to Jean Baptiste Maurice dit Chatillon and Marie Jean Corset. Her baptism record reads: The year 1767 and the 13th day of September, I missionary priest, acting as parish priest, baptised a girl born on this day from the legitimate marriage of Jean Baptiste Maurice dit Chatillon and Marie Jeanne Corset, her father and mother, from this parish, we named her Marie Magedeleine. Her godfather is Sr Henry Carpentier and her godmother Marie Magdelaine Mille, wife of Sr Robinet from this parish, undersigned with me.
(signatures) Marie Magdelaine Robinet. Carpentier, J Baptiste Maurice, JL..ecorin, priest

 

 

Archives mention Charles as active in mining lead as early as 1778. (what archives? obtain a copy I saw this mentioned in a book footnote as well). Charles, with his brothers, went back and forth from Washington County to Ste Genevieve.

 

The great flood of 1785 caused the residents of Old Ste. Genevieve to move to higher ground, New Ste. Genevieve, and the historic town we are familiar with today.

 

At the age of 35 years, Charles' parents died in 1785 and Charles purchased from their estate land for the sum of 425 livres and the house and land for sum of 605 livres. Nicolas Antoine Boyer III died on March 9, 1785, in Ste. Genevieve, Missouri, at the age of 68 years. Dorothee (nee Olivier) Boyer died on April 9, 1785, exactly one month later (28 days or 4 weeks), in Ste. Genevieve, Missouri, at the age of 69 years. [See estate documents on his parents' biography.] The land is described as "a tillable land of three arpents in front and the ordinary depth of the other lands on this post where it is located, lying next to that of Monsieur Loisel and in the other direction of that of Monsieur Charles Boyer." It would seem that Charles purchased this real estate that was "tillable land" as part of the Le Grand Champ (the big field) that was farmed? The home would have been destroyed in the big flood.

 

The following year Charles would marry at the age of 36, so his parents were not present at the wedding. It would seem that Charles' land was next to his parents in Old Ste. Genevieve when they died and that he widened his plot of land from their estate. He was an eligible batchelor. Age 36 seems old to me to marry.

On July 9, 1786, the day before the wedding, the Marriage Contract of Charles Boyer and Madelaine Maurice dit Chatillon was executed. For genealogy purposes, this documents verifies the parents of the couple, "Monsieur Charles Boyer, man of age using of his rights, living in this post, son of late Monsieur Nicolas Boyer and late Demoiselle Dorothée Olivier, his father and mother, contracting for him and in his own name on the one hand; and Monsieur Jean Baptiste Maurice dit Chatillon, master carpenter in this post, contracting for Demoiselle Marie Madelaine Maurice, his daughter."

Also noteworthy in this contract is the signature of Don Antonio de Oro (who was...), that François Vallé is Charles's friend (I believe I have seen this on several documents) and he would be François Vallé, II who is also the Commandant, that Joseph Loisel and Monsieur Louis Carron were her friends (need to look up them, but I think Loisel's family is listed as first in Ste. Gen with Madelaine's father). The language "common in all furniture and estate bought together, renouncing other customs or laws, bound together on debts" seems to indicate to me that this marriage contract was similar as we when we marry today in that the husband and wife have a marital interest to all property owned and that it is owned together. The language "the groom dowered his wife 500 pounds to take on all the furniture and estate of the groom, who secured them by mortgage, and this dower that the bride will enjoy will be hers without having to go to justice" indicates that Charles did not actually pay the dower, but mortgaged secured to the goods themselves, which means he paid his father-in-law later. (I need to relearn about dowers.)

 

Source: St. Genevieve Catholic Church, Ste. Genevieve, Missouri, Index, LDS 8119538.

On July 10, 1786, Charles and Madeleine were married in the Ste. Genevieve Catholic Church, Sainte Genevieve, Sainte Genevieve, Missouri. The Church of Ste. Genevieve was constructed and consecreated in the New Ste. Genevieve in 1794. Therefore, this marriage would have taken place in Old Ste. Genevieve after the great flood of 1784, which was falling apart by this time. (Marriage Record appears to be many pages because the name appears in them margin of several pages, but the record portion is above and translated below)

1786, 10 July After the publication of 3 marriage banns, marriage between Charles Boyer, legitimate son of the deceased Nicolas Boyer and the deceased Dorothee Olivier, his father and mother natives of the parish of Immaculate Conception of Kaskaskia, on the one part, and of Marie Madeleine Maurice, legitimate daughter of Jean Baptiste Maurice and of Marie Jeanne Corsette, her father and mother natives of this parish , on the other part, and not having discovered any impediments ... and with their mutual consent we have given them the sacred nuptuals according to the prescribed ceremony of our Holy Mother Apostolic and Roman Catholic Church. Witnessed by friends whose signatures appear below and by others who have made their marks.

Charles Boieye [groom] + Marque - mark of Madeleine Maurice, bride

Jean Bte [Maurice?] --?--- Vallée

Louis Caron Hippolyte Robert

--- Boyez Loizelle

[Note in record in English, surely added later says "Go for the continuation to the volume in (back?) pages 1,2,3,4." ]

[Translated from French, Peggy Moore, 6/23/2020. Where you see ... some flowery words whose exact meaning I'm not sure of but I can see it's just unnecessary rhetoric to the meaning of the text.]

 

Baptism Record Source: St. Genevieve Catholic Church, Ste. Genevieve, Missouri, Index, LDS 8119538.

On July 4, 1787, Charles and Madeleine have a daughter, Domitile Boyer, in Ste. Genevieve, Missouri. She was baptized July 17, 1787. She would marry Jacque 'Jacob' Bonne. Jacque 'Jacob' Bonne on April 17, 1804, at Ste. Genevieve Catholic Church, Sainte Genevieve, Sainte Genevieve, Missouri, and her marriage record lists her parents. She would die July 2, 1861, in Ste. Genevieve at the age of 73 years.

 

Baptism Record Source: St. Genevieve Catholic Church, Ste. Genevieve, Missouri, Index, LDS 8119538.

On October 8, 1788, Charles and Madeleine have a daughter, Marie Boyer, in Ste. Genevieve, Missouri. She was baptized November 13, 1788. She would marry Joseph Coleman on November 6, 1806, in Ste. Genevieve, Missouri. She would die about 1850 in Union, Washington County, Missouri, at the age of 62.

 

On August 1, 1788 (or 1798) Charles and Madeleine deed real estate to Jean Baptiste Janis. File 38 Boyer to Janis. The plot is described as "within the common park of Ste-Geneviève, a half-arpent wide, stretching from the fence near the village to the hollow stream, limited to the North by Mr. Vital, and to the South by Sr Baptiste Janis." "For the price of 15 piasters." From wikipedia, "Le Grand Champ served as the common field of SteGenevieve. It lies south of the community and extends to the River aux Vases in the bottoms along the Mississippi River. The original French name was "Le Grand Champ. Each inhabitant was granted, in addition to his house lot, one or more lots in the common-fields that were set aside for cultivation. In 1785 a large flood inundated the floodplain, causing the residents to move the town of Ste. Genevieve to a new location that was less susceptible to flooding." [Is this property being sold their farming field within the Le Grand Champ in Old Ste. Genevieve? This would be an indication that they moved to new Ste. Gen. Find documentation where they became owners. Is there a separate Deed for home? Is this his property that was originally granted with commons was formed and/or the property he obtained from his parents' estate? Is 15 piasters larger or small amount?]

 

On February 16, 1789, and inventory was taken of Antoine Parfait (Pierre) Dufour's property. Parfait Dufour was born 1754 and died in 1834, so why was an inventory done of his property 34 years earlier? Parfait's first wife was Catherine Basilique Maurice dit Chatillon who died April 24, 1787, two years prior to the inventory. [Note: was it required that her share of the marital property go to her family?]. Mentioned in this document are "family and friends" (1) Charles Boyer (Parfait is brother-in-law to Charles' wife, Madeleine) (2) Jacques Boyer (brother of Charles) (3) Francois Coque (Parfait's uncle) (Chouquet or Duchouquet or Duchouquette, also related to the Deguire dit LaRose family) (4) Joseph St. Aubin (Obin) (Died November 9, 1789, age 50, Ste. Genevieve Church Records) (5) Joseph Lallumandierre (born Dec 7 1759, Kaskaskia, Died May 27, 1838, Ste. Genevieve, his wife the daughter of Jean Baptist Deguire dit LaRose, claimed as first settler of Ste. Genevieve) (6) Joseph Boyer (brother of Charles). [Note: I believe this indicates that Charles and Madeleine were living in New Ste. Genevieve in 1789. This document is significant because it reveals close relationships of Charles with the designated first settler family of Deguire dit LaRose which indicates Charles and his parents and siblings were also part of the first settlers of Ste. Genevieve.]

Source: The State Historical Society of Missouri, c3636 Missouri, Ste. Genevieve Archives 1756-1930, File 171

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(This photo from the internet; I plan to replace with my own when I visit soon.)

On February 21, 1789, Charles is a witness on the marriage contract of Jean-Baptiste Bequet and François Corset. François Corset is Madeleine's cousin, both being a granddaughters of Francois Corset Dit Coco and Elisabeth Bienvenu. Charles and Madeleine also own property near the Le Grand Champ or the “Big Field.” Therefore, visiting the home still in existence today brings perspective to Charles and Madeleine’s life.  Charles and Madeleine were the same generation as Jean-Baptiste Bequet and François Corset. I would imagine that they would have visited Madeleine's cousin in this home, especially since Charles is a witness on the marriage contract. The house was built in 1808, 19 years after this marriage. François Corset Bequette died in 1817, so she would have lived in this home.

 

 

Baptism Record Source: St. Genevieve Catholic Church, Ste. Genevieve, Missouri, Index, LDS 8119538.

On October 2, 1790, Charles and Madeleine have a son, Charles Boyer II, in Ste. Genevieve, Missouri. He was baptized at home on his birthday and then baptized in the church on October 12, 1790.

 

Record Source: St. Genevieve Catholic Church, Ste. Genevieve, Missouri, Index, LDS 8119538.

On September 6, 1792, Charles and Madeleine have a son, Jean Baptist Boyer, in Ste. Genevieve, Missouri. He was baptized October 7, 1792. [THIS IS MY LINE.]

 

On December 31, 1792, Charles and Madeleine deed real estate to Jean Baptiste Pratte. File 38 Boyer to Pratt. The plot is described as "a plot of an arpent wide and about an arpent long neighboring on the front to the main street of the village of the Petites Côtes Ste-Geneviève (Sainte-Geneviève little hills), at the back to Jacques Courtois, on the one side to the buyer and on the other side to a shortcut path; on which plot are built a tiny house of poteaux en terre (posts in earth), planked floors up and down, planked on the walls, and a hut for mailly (corn), as it is and as it stretches..." They "acquired it from Jacques Boyer." [Find documention of purchase from Jacques Boyer. Is this is brother?It would seem that Charles and Madeleine were already living in the New Ste. Gen before they received their land grant and that they sold it to move to their granted land in 1793.]

On January 4, 1793, Charles Boyer received from François Vallé a land grant of 1 acre in Les Petites Côtes de Ste. Geneviève (little hills of Ste. Genevieve). After a major flood in 1785 (l’année des grandes eaux), most of the residents relocated to the higher ground (les Petites Côtes or little hills) where the city is today, which is not where his father Nicolas Boyer resided as a first farmers on the floodplain about two miles south of the today's site. Therefore, Charles would have resided in both the old site as a child and the new site as an adult. His land was in front of a small river (which would not have been the Mississippi River) and behind the land owned by the heirs of LaSource.

Source: The State Historical Society of Missouri, c3636 Missouri, Ste. Genevieve Archives 1756-1930, File 86

Looking at Google Maps, I can see two possible waters that may be considered a small river, that being North Gabouri Creek and South Gabouri Creek. Both run near the now downtown area of Ste. Genevieve.

This map based on an 1825 survey was put on Ancestry with credit to "Opening the Ozarks: A Historical Geography of Missouri's Ste. Genevieve District, 1760-1830" I searched the internet and found it to be a book by Walter A. Schoerder. (I ordered a copy 5/5/21.) I highlighted the areas that apply to my family. The blue is where the Boyers land (and home) was located and the yellow is the Grand Champ (Big Field) where the community came together for agriculture.  

I finally feel like I can go to Ste. Genevieve and find the general area where my ancestors lived near North Gabouri Creek.

 

The Church of Ste. Genevieve was constructed and consecreated in the New Ste. Genevieve in 1794.

 

Record Source: St. Genevieve Catholic Church, Ste. Genevieve, Missouri, Index, LDS 8119538

On September 23, 1794, Charles and Madeleine have a son, Nicolas Boyer, in Ste. Genevieve, Missouri. He was baptized October 6, 1794. He would marry Ursule Portais. He would die before 1850 because he does not appear in that census.

 

Record Source: St. Genevieve Catholic Church, Ste. Genevieve, Missouri, Index, LDS 8119538

On April 2, 1797, Charles and Madeleine have a daughter, Sarah Celeste "Sally" Boyer, in Ste. Genevieve, Missouri. She was baptized April 3, 1797. She would marry Francois "Racola" Coleman II. Francois "Racola" Coleman II on April 24, 1815, in Ste. Genevieve, Missouri (marriage record above). She would die May 11, 1875, at the age of 78 years.

 

Record Source: St. Genevieve Catholic Church, Ste. Genevieve, Missouri, Index, LDS 8119538

On May 8, 1799, Charles and Madeleine have a son, Louis C. Boyer, in Ste. Genevieve, Missouri. He was baptized May 14, 1799. He would marry Helene "Ellen" Aubuchon on March 7, 1825. He would die July 27, 1851, at the age of 52. (Is this the Louis Pierre Boyer that others have listed online?)

 

Charles took up permanent residence in Old Mines around 1801. He later received the Old Mines Concession number 18. Brothers Joseph and Pierre also received Old Mines concessions, as well as nephew Louis Boyer. In 1833 Charles Boyer testified that he had lived continuously in the Old Mines since 1801 and was 82 years of age. (need documentation)

The priest at St. Joachim gave deposition that he was well acquainted with Charles Boyer and family, and noted Charles had ninety seven children and grandchildren living at Old Mines. (need documentation)

 

Source: Index to Transcribed Records of Baptisms made by Emile P. Vogt, Ste. Genevieve, MO, 20th A.D. 1891

On July 21, 1803, Charles and Madeleine have a son, Felix Laplante Boyer, in Old Mines, Missouri. His baptism record is in the Ste. Genevieve records dated April 17, 1804. The first column ditto marks are Book 6, Page 198, and the last his priest Jacque Maxwell. He would marry Marie Aspasia Duclos on March 2, 1829. He died in 1888 at the age of about 88 years.

 

Source: Index to Transcribed Records of Baptisms made by Emile P. Vogt, Ste. Genevieve, MO, 20th A.D. 1891 (first ditto is for Book 6 ); Church Records, 1759-1993, LDS Film 1939899

On September 30, 1805 Charles and Madeleine have a son, Hypolite Henry L "Cary" Boyer, in Ste. Genevieve, Missouri. He was baptized April 5, 1806. ( Why the year delay?) He would marry Margaret "Adele" Portais on April 23, 1820 (marriage record).

 

 

Source: Index to Transcribed Records of Baptisms made by Emile P. Vogt, Ste. Genevieve, MO, 20th A.D. 1891 (first ditto is for Book 6, Page 251, Second ditto is a baptism date of October 27, 1807); Church Records, 1759-1993, LDS Film 1939899

On October 11, 1807, Charles and Madeleine have a daughter, Marie Theresa Boyer, in Ste. Genevieve, Missouri. She was baptized October 27, 1807. She would marry Jean Baptiste Villemere on June 21, 1825, in Old Mines, Missouri. The above is her baptism record.

 

In the 1830 census Missouri, Washington County, Union Township, Charles is in a home with 5 people, all "free white." They are listed as Male 70-79(1), Males 20-29 (1), Male 10-14 (1), Male 5-9(1), and Female 60-69(1). His son John B. Boyer is listed on the first page of the Union Township census and Charles is listed on the 5th page.

 

Charles died before 1840 in Old Mines, Washington County, Missouri, because he is not listed in the 1840 census.

Marie Madeleine died November 18, 1858, in Old Mines, Washington County, Missouri.

In her burial entry the priest noted "she left living, mostly in this parish (meaning St. Joachim at Old Mines) a posterity numbering four hundred souls." (need documentation)

 

****

A biography thanks to Patricia Weeks taken from http://www.mogenweb.org/washington/wcpioneers.html#cboyer
Charles Boyer (one of the Boyer brothers to settle around Old Mines) was born around 1750, the son of Nicolas Boyer of Montreal and his wife Dorothee Olivier. This Charles was born across the river at Kaskaskia, Illinois. His parents moved over to the old Ste. Genevieve settlement where they both died in 1785. Charles, with his brothers, went back and forth from Washington County to Ste Genevieve. Archives mention Charles as active in mining lead as early as 1778. In 1786, at Ste. Genevieve, Charles married Madeleine Maurice dit Chatillon and from this union produced a large family. Charles took up permanent residence in Old Mines around 1801. He later received the Old Mines Concession number 18. Brothers Joseph and Pierre also received Old Mines concessions, as well as nephew Louis Boyer. In 1833 Charles Boyer testified that he had lived continuously in the Old Mines since 1801 and was 82 years of age. The priest at St. Joachim gave deposition that he was well acquainted with Charles Boyer and family, and noted Charles had ninety seven children and grandchildren living at Old Mines. He died in the late 1830s. His wife lived on until 1858, and in her burial entry the priest noted "she left living, mostly in this parish (meaning St. Joachim at Old Mines) a posterity numbering four hundred souls."

 

THE CONFUSING CHARLES BOYER!

With leaf suggestions on Ancestry, the trees get quite messed up easily with all the Charles Boyers in the Washington County, Missouri, area. Here is a CHRONOLOGICAL list to help you clean up your trees. There are more than listed here. These are just the ones I have in my tree.

 

Charles Boyer, 10 FEB 1724 Montréal, Montréal (Urban Agglomeration), Quebec, Canada, died 1809 Laprairie, Roussillon, Quebec, Canada, born of Nicholas Antione Boyer, II and Louise Payet dit St. Amour. He married Suzanne Menard.

 

Charles Boyer, 1750 (THIS PAGE) Kaskaskia, Randolph, Illinois, USA, died Bef. 1840 Old Mines, Washington, Missouri, USA, born of Nicholas Antione Boyer, III and Dorothee Oliver. He married Marie Madeleine Maurice dit Chatillon.

 

Charles Boyer, born October 17, 1782, in Ste. Genevievie, Missouri, born of Joseph Boyer and Marie Therese Robinet. (I found baptism verifying his birth). Joseph is the son of Nicolas Antoine Boyer III and Dorothee Oliver, my 6th great-grandparents.

 

Charles Boyer, II, 02 OCT 1790 Sainte Genevieve, Ste Genevieve, Missouri, USA, died 27 JUL 1851 Old Mines, Washington, Missouri, USA, born of Charles Boyer and Marie Madeleine Maurice dit Chatillon (son of Charles Boyer on this page). He married Catherine Catiche Portais.

 

There is an 1840 census, Missouri, Washington County, Meneabeton (Mine Au Breton, which is now known as Potosi, Missouri) which is often inadvertently applied to this Charles (who would have been 87), but instead is his son Charles Boyer, II, (OR IS IT ANOTHER?) is in a home with 7 people, all "free white." They are listed as Males 20-29(1), Males 5-9(1), Males Under 5(1), Female 20-29(1), and Female Under 5(2).

 

Charles Boyer III, 29 NOV 1812 Sainte Genevieve, Ste Genevieve, Missouri, USA, died 28 JUL 1868 Old Mines, Washington, Missouri, USA, born of Charles Boyer II, and Catherine Catiche Portais. He married Julia Rosalie Misplay.

 

Charles Isaac Boyer, 05 AUG 1820 Washington, Missouri, USA, died (?), born of Jean Baptiste Boyer and Maria Aurore St. Germain.

 

Charles George Washington Boyer, 27 MAR 1856 Washington, Missouri, USA, died 16 JAN 1914 Bonne Terre, St Francois, Missouri, USA, born of Charles Boyer III and Cecile Olympi Ranger/Rongey (Charles' first wife Julie Mesplay had passed away before the 1850 census.). He married Mollie E. Small.

 

WORKING NOTES

Click here for the index to the Ste. Genevieve Archives at The State Historical Society of Missouri.

Click here for the inventory of the Ste. Genevieve Archives, which includes names and references the file numbers in the above index.

These records are currently only available on Microfilm.

Click here for my working notes which combines the two above documents for possible files of interest to my ancestors. Any help completing the relationship column or advise on which documents to obtain next would be appreciated.