THIS IS MY WORKING GENEALOGY BIOGRAPHIES, PLEASE DO NOT COPY AS FACT. Some photos are personal and should not be copied and republished; other images are okay. Documentation I collected as proof to support facts (i.e. dates, relationships, etc.) are available for your use. I share freely, but please do not abuse copyright or perpetuate any information without supporting facts that may or may not be in error. I try to mark in red my questions or documents I need to look for, so your assistance in making this a complete collection is always appreciated.
Sisters Eleonore and Rosine: Mary Eleonore Boyer and Richard Marshall | Rosine Elizabeth Boyer and George W. Rutledge, Sr.
Eleonore and Rosine's parents: Jean Baptiste Boyer & Maria Aurore St. Germain | Charles Boyer & Marie Madeleine Maurice dit Chatillon | Nicolas Boyer III & Dorothee Olivier | Nicolas Boyer II & Louise Payet dit St. Amour | Nicolas Boyer I & Marguerite Maclin | Etienne Boyer & Perinna Peineau |
Joseph St. Germain and Marie Josephine Josette Calvét (Parents of Maria Aurore St. Germain)
Joseph Antoine Calvet and Marie Josephe Therese Marechal (Parents of Marie Josephine Josette Calvét) | Nicolas Marechal and Marie Jean Illeret (Parents of Marie Joseph Therese Marechal and Antoine Marechal, siblings) | line continues with Antoine below
Jean Baptiste Maurice dit Chatillon & Marie Jeanne Corset (parents of Marie Madeline Maurice dit Chatillon) |
Francois Corset Dit Coco and Elisabeth Bienvenu (parents of Marie Jeanne Corset) |
Richard Marshall's parents: Benoist Marechal and Mayotte | Antoine Marechal and Mary Catherine Tabeau | Nicolas Marechal and Marie Jean Illeret | Claude Illeret and Simone Marie Martin (Marie Jean Illeret's parents) | also the unknown Mayotte
Nicolas Marechal I and Marie Jeanne Illeret were one of the founding families of St. Louis Missouri. They are both my 7th great-grandparents and my 6th great-grandparents because I have two different genealogy lines leading up to them.
Location of Verdun today.
This is labeled as a 1709 map of Verndun and uploaded to Ancestry: " leslier03 originally shared this on 25 Mar 2015." Original source is not given.
Nicolas Marechal (Marechal-dit-St-Vincent) was born August 16, 1709, in Arcicourt, Verdun, Saône-et-Loire, Bourgogne, France (Verdun-sur-le-Doubs, Departement de Saône-et-Loire, Bourgogne, France) to Jean Marechal and Anne Meunier. You can easily search maps online to zoom in and look about Verdun today. (Need documentation)
Marie Jeanne Illeret (Isleret) was born October 19, 1722, Fort de Chartres, Illinois, to Claude Illeret and Simonne Marie Martin. Marie is "metis" meaning that her mother was a full-blooded Native American of the Illinois tribe and she was a half-blooded Native American. (Need documentation)
Nicolas arrived at Fort de Chartres in the Illinois Territory as a marine soldier with the French arch in 1735. Nicholas was direct immigrants to Illinois from France totally bypassing Quebec. Nicolas was a soldier at Fort De Chartres per the below shown " The Spanish Regime in Missouri, Volume Vol II. CXXV, Page 384." See video and photos of Fort de Chartres on my website. (Need documentation) The sources seems to be Lessard, Renald, Jacque Mathiew, and Lina Gouger. "Peuplement Colonisateur au Pays des Illinois." In L'Ancetre: Bulletin de la Societe de Genealogie de Quebec, vol. 14:6 (February 1988), pp. 211-225; vol. 14:7 (March 1988), pp. 266-278." I bet that is in French!
Nicolas and Jeanne were married on August 20, 1735, in Cahokia, St. Clair County, Illinois. Read more about Cahokia Mounds on this page. A French-Canadian priest and genealogist, Father Cyrpien Tanguay (1871-1890) published a seven volume collection known as the "Tanguay Collection" or also known as Genealogical Dictionary of Canadian Families from the Foundation of the Colony to the Present Day. Tanquay has the marriage taking place in 1744 and it is believed that because the first child was born in 1745 that the marriage contract was made in 1735, but that she had to come of age before the actual marriage could occur. It is also said that Jeanne was at the time of the marriage contract being cared for by foster parents named Bailly, which indicates that her parents had died before the marriage contract. (Need Documentation) A Transcription of the Marriage Contract by 2bgames as on Ancestry
Uploaded to Findagrave and credited as: Quebec, Genealogical Dictionary of Canadian Families (Tanguay Collection), 1608-1890 lists children of Nicholas Marechal. Marie-Louise Marechal Lefebvre is not among them and was born in 1782, after Nicholas death in 1770.
On September 28, 1745, Nicolas and Jeanne a daughter Marie-Joseph Marechal, in Cahokia, St Clair County, Illinois. She would marry Joseph Antoine Theodore Calvet Sr. Marie Josephe died on July 1, 1791, in St. Louis and was buried the next day at Basilica of St. Louis (Old Cathedral) Cemetery. THEY ARE MY 6TH GREAT GRANDPARENTS
From The Spanish Regime in Missouri, Volume Vol II. LXXVII, Page 31, by Louis Houck (originally published prior to 1923).
On October 19, 1749, Nicolas and Jeanne have a daughter Marie Catherine Marechal, in Cahokia, St Clair County, Illinois. She would marry Lt François Joseph Moreau and have children. She would die on July 2, 1791 in Florissant (St. Ferdinand) St. Louis County, Missouri.
On August 29, 1749 Nicolas and Jeanne have a son, Jean Baptiste Marechal, in Cahokia, St. Clair County, Illinois. He would die on July 02, 1791 in Florissant, St Louis County, Missouri.
This is the first exerpt on Francois from The Spanish Regime in Missouri, Volume Vol II. CXXV, Page 384, by Louis Houck (originally published prior to 1923).
This is the second excerpt on Francois from The Spanish Regime in Missouri, Volume Vol Vol I. XL, Page 195, by Louis Houck (originally published prior to 1923).
On March 31, 1751, Nicolas and Jeanne have a son Francois Noel Marechal, in Cahokia, St. Clair County, Illinois. He would marry Marie Teres Rivière dit Baccane (Bacant) in 1775 and have children. He would die April 1827 in St. Louis, Missouri.
On July 23, 1753, Nicolas and Jeanne have a daughter, Marie Susanne Marechal, in Cahokia, St Clair County, Illinois. She would die at age 1 on August 20, 1754.
From The Spanish Regime in Missouri, Volume Vol II. CXXV, Page 384, by Louis Houck (originally published prior to 1923).
In 1754, Nicolas and Jeanne have a son, Antoine Marechal. He would marry Catherine Tabeau and have children. THEY ARE MY 5TH GREAT GRANDPARENTS
On October 13, 1755, Nicolas and Jeanne have a son, Joseph Marechal, in Cahokia, St. Clair County, Illinois.
From The Spanish Regime in Missouri, Volume Vol I. XX, Page 94 and 96, by Louis Houck (originally published prior to 1923).
On November 1, 1757, Nicolas and Jeanne have a daughter, Marie Elisabeth Marechal. She would married to Antoine Martin in St. Louis. She would marry a second time to Jean Baptiste Primeau in St. Louis.
From The Spanish Regime in Missouri, Volume Vol II. CXXV, Page 391, by Louis Houck (originally published prior to 1923).
In 1759, Nicolas and Jeanne have a son, Jacques Benjamin "Jacob" Marechal. He would marry Genevieve Cardinal and have children. He would die in 1808.
In 1765, Nicolase and Jeanne moved with 8 children from the East side of the Mississippi River to the West side of the Mississipi River, according to Houck in "The Spanish Regime in Missouri, Volume Vol II. CXXV, Page 384" as shown above. He moved from Cahokia, Illinois, to St. Louis.
Nicolas died September 10, 1770, in St. Louis, Missouri. (Need documentation)
Marie Jeanne had an inventory of all Nicholas' holdings made. (Need documentation from Missouri Historical Society in St. Louis) The following is a list of Marie Jeanne's portion after her husband's death and the division among her and her children:
House, her bed, two young oxen, one earthenware stand, twelve plates, two platters, one large tin bowl, a piece of land containing two arpens in front; one plough with acc.; one horse, two smoothing irons, one iron kettle, one small copper kettle, two fire-shovels, one dining table, one collar, one kneading-trough, three glasses, one heifer one small tin-bucket and two earthen pans. Her inheritance was valued at 2769.10 livres.
In 1774, Marie Jeanne sold her property to M. Duralde. This is about the time that she and other members of her family moved a little northwest and settled what became Florissant, Missouri. (Need copy of Deed, No. 147, Volume 1, Page 300) A frame house twenty five feet long by twenty wide with doors and windows, floored above and below with a stone chimney with the ground thereto. belonging, one hundred and fifty feet deep by one hundred and twenty front on the north adjoining the ground of one named Simoneau on the south a street which bounds the ground of Madame Chouteau on the east the Main street and in front by ground of Mr. Conand, the whole situated in the said town of St. Louis, for the amount of five hundred pounds of dressed deerskins, payable one half in the spring of the year one thousand seven hundred and seventy five and the other half in the spring of one thousand seven hundred seventy six reserving the privilege to live therein until the commencement of the coming spring; in consequence whereof the said Maria Hirte Marechal, widow of the aforesaid Nicolas Marechal has relinquished [with the above reservations] and abandoned all her right of property in the said house and ground [with is not enclosed] in favor of the said Martin Duralde that in virtue of these presence he may take possession from this day and dispose of the whole as property legitimately acquired [repeat of the conditions on his part] Done and executed in St. Louis in Illinois, in the government hall the second day of the month of November the year one thousand seven hundred and seventy four and the aforesaid witnesses and party with the exception of Maria Hirte, widow Marechal, who made the mark of a cross, not knowing how to write.
Marie Jeanne died December 5, 1784, in Florissant, St Louis County, Missouri. The death record at the Old Cathedral in St. Louis lists Marie Jeanne as "widow Marechal." (Need documentation)
From: Garraghan's "Saint Ferdinand de Florissant, The Story of an Ancient Parish" p57-58, transcribed by Rick Peterson: "The Marechals, ranking with the Aubuchons as a distinctive Florissant Valley family, look back for the progenitor of the Missouri branch of the line to Nicholas Marechal, Sr., a native of Verdun in France. He had been a soldier in the French service and married his wife, Marie Jeanne Isleret, a half Illinoise nation native american, at Fort Chartres previous to 1753. Having come to St. Louis in 1765 with a family of eight children, five sons and three daughters, he received from Laclede a verbal concession of the northwest corner of Main and Chestnut streets, where he built a home, dying there in 1770. Before 1792, his son, Francois M. Marechal, husband to Marie Therese Riviere, was in Florissant, where six of their children were baptized in the parish church. Of these Francois Noel Marechal became the owner of a farm in the Common Fields which had been allotted to Pierre Devaux about 1785 and later became a part of the Seminary farm. Besides Francois, four other children of Nicholas Marechal, Sr., lived in Florissant, - Marie, married to Joseph Calve, Sr., Catherine, married to Joseph Francois Moreau, Marie Elizabeth, married to Jean Baptiste Primeau, and Antoine, married to Catherine Tebeau."